Mosaic of Historical Aerial Photography of Greater Chicago and St. Louis Areas, 1936-1941

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Illinois State Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 20060401
Title:
Mosaic of Historical Aerial Photography of Greater Chicago and St. Louis Areas, 1936-1941
Edition: 20080305
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image
Series_Information:
Series_Name: ISGS GIS Database
Issue_Identification: GISDB.IL_HISTORICAL_AERIAL_UTM16_RAS
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Champaign, Illinois
Publisher: Illinois State Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: <http://www.isgs.illinois.edu/>
Online_Linkage: <http://illinois.edu>
Description:
Abstract:
This data set is an SDE raster mosaic of historical black and white aerial photographs that occur in the greater Chicago and St. Louis metropolitan areas of Illinois, acquired during 1936 to 1941. Coverage is limited to areas that fall within UTM zone 16. The original paper prints have been scanned at a resolution of 750 DPI on a Crosfield 646 IE drum scanner and stored as TIFF format images. The data are stored in the "orthorectified" spatial reference of UTM Zone 16, NAD83 with a 1-meter ground resolution. The original photographic paper prints are at a scale 1:20,000. The images were then orthorectified and cropped using Leica Photogametry Suite Version 8.7. Settings used include; frame camera with fiducials, 4191 meter flight height, 209.55 focal length, Horizontal reference (UTM zone 16 NAD 1983) in meters, and vertical reference in feet. Illinois NAPP III DOQs (1998/99) and Illinois DEM data (Luman, et al, 2004, UTM zone 16 NAD 1983) were used for the horizontal and vertical references for the orthorectification process.

The companion raster dataset GISDB.IL_HISTORICAL_AERIAL_UTM15_RAS contains additional coverage of the St. Louis metropolitan area within Illinois and UTM zone 15.

Purpose:
United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Adjustment Administration (USDA-AAA) aerial photographs are widely recognized as a unique and detailed record of the cultural and physical landscapes of Illinois. USDA-AAA photography is intensively used for diverse purposes by government agencies, surveyors, planners, consulting scientists, engineers and other individuals. These purposes include determination of past land uses, restoration of natural areas, assessing historical changes in stream dynamics, and a variety of other applications.
Supplemental_Information:
Background of original photography:

On May 12, 1933, President Franklin Roosevelt signed into law the Agricultural Adjustment Act, which was originally administered by the USDA-AAA. Since the mid-1930s, the USDA-AAA, now the USDA Farm Services Agency (USDA-FSA), periodically acquired nationwide aerial photographs by county. These aerial photographs were originally used by the USDA-AAA to assess the nation's agricultural lands and served as the basis for the national soil surveys.

Statewide coverage of USDA-AAA aerial photographs was first achieved for Illinois from 1936 through 1941. Approximately 27,000 individual frames were acquired for complete coverage of the state.

Because of deterioration and stability issues, the original 7-inch by 9-inch and 9-inch by 9-inch nitrocellulose (silver nitrate) negatives were destroyed at the National Archives in the 1980s. The United States Navy and the National Archives made small-format copies of the negatives prior to the destruction of the original negatives. These copies, and the photographic prints made from them, are of extremely poor quality. Therefore, photographic paper prints made from the original large-format negatives are the best remaining representation of this aerial photography collection.

Nearly complete photographic paper print collections for Illinois exist at the Illinois Department of Natural Resources Office of Water Resources (IDNR OWR) and the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign (UIUC) Map and Geography Library. Smaller regional print collections are also located at many Illinois libraries and governmental agencies. None of the collections are complete, however, and only limited preservation efforts are in place to ensure the permanence of these print collections.

Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1936
Ending_Date: 1941
Currentness_Reference:
The origional black and white aerial photographs were taken from 1936 to 1941. Orthorectification occurred from 2005 to 2007.
Status:
Progress: In work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -90.210695
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -87.464811
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 42.517129
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 38.149452
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Theme_Keyword: aerial
Theme_Keyword: photography
Theme_Keyword: historical
Theme_Keyword: imagery
Theme_Keyword: black and white
Theme_Keyword: scanned
Theme_Keyword: ArcSDE
Theme_Keyword: TIFF
Theme_Keyword: dpi
Theme_Keyword: grayscale
Theme_Keyword: United States Department of Agriculture
Theme_Keyword: Agricultural Adjustment Administration
Theme_Keyword: USDA
Theme_Keyword: AAA
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Place_Keyword: Illinois
Place_Keyword: Metro Area
Place_Keyword: Great Lakes
Place_Keyword: Chicago
Place_Keyword: St. Louis
Temporal:
Temporal_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Temporal_Keyword: WWII
Temporal_Keyword: World War II
Temporal_Keyword: 1936 to 1941
Temporal_Keyword: pre-WWII
Temporal_Keyword: pre-World War II
Temporal_Keyword: 1936
Temporal_Keyword: 1937
Temporal_Keyword: 1938
Temporal_Keyword: 1939
Temporal_Keyword: 1940
Temporal_Keyword: 1941
Temporal_Keyword: 1930s
Temporal_Keyword: 1940s
Access_Constraints:
ISGS information must be obtained directly from the ISGS or from an authorized distributor. Be aware that ISGS information obtained from an unauthorized third party may have been altered subsequent to original distribution, or may no longer be current.

Any access to these data, Web sites, computer systems, electronic services, and electronic networks is governed by University and campus policies, in particular, but not limited to, the Policy on Appropriate Use of Computers and Network Systems at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the ISGS Terms of Use document available at the ISGS Web site, and the University of Illinois Web Privacy Notice.

Links to these are provided in the Cross References section.

Use_Constraints:
ISGS information is the property of and copyrighted by the Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois with all rights reserved.  University copyright policy is stated in the General Rules Concerning University Organization and Procedure, Article III, Section 4. A link is provided in the Cross References section.

Individuals or entities may make fair use of copyrighted ISGS material, such as reproducing a single figure or table, or using a brief text quotation, without obtaining formal permission, but in all cases the Illinois State Geological Survey must be credited as the source of the material. To reproduce ISGS information beyond the fair use standard, permission must be obtained from the ISGS Information Office, 615 East Peabody Drive, Champaign, Illinois 61820, 217-333-4747, isgs@isgs.illinois.edu. License fees and a license agreement may be required, depending on the proposed usage.

Any use of these data is governed by University and campus policies, in particular, but not limited to, the Policy on Appropriate Use of Computers and Network Systems at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the ISGS Terms of Use document available at the ISGS Web site, and the University of Illinois Web Privacy Notice. Links to these are provided in the Cross References section.

Map information is to be used at a scientifically and cartographically appropriate scale, that is, at a scale no greater than indicated on the map or as described in the documentation of the map or map data.  Map information is not appropriate for, and is not to be used as, a geodetic, legal, or engineering base. Map information has no legal basis in the definition of boundaries or property lines and is not intended as a substitute for surveyed locations such as can be determined by a registered Public Land Surveyor.

The data do not replace the need for detailed site-specific studies.

Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Instructions: Please refer to the Distribution Information section.
Data_Set_Credit:
 Funding source:   Illinois Department of Transportation (IDOT)
 Funding source:   Illinois Department of Natural Resources (IDNR)
 Funding source:   IDNR Office of Water Resources (IDNR OWR)
 Funding source:   United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE)
 Funding source:   Illinois State Geological Survey (ISGS)
Native_Data_Set_Environment: ArcSDE 9.1 on Oracle 10g
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Illinois State Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 200306
Title:
Mosaic of Illinois NAPP3 Digital Orthophoto Quadrangles in UTM Zone 15, NAD83
Edition: 1.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image
Series_Information:
Series_Name: ISGS GIS Database
Issue_Identification: IL_DOQ_NAPP3_MOSAIC_UTM15_RAS
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Champaign, IL
Publisher: Illinois State Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details:
In addition to being used to assist in spatial registration, the metadata of this dataset provides the general methodology used to create the SDE mosaic of historical photos.
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Donald Luman, Lisa Smith, Chris Goldsmith
Publication_Date: 2003
Title: Illinois Statewide 30-Meter Digital Elevation Model
Edition: 1.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image
Series_Information:
Series_Name: ISGS GIS Database
Issue_Identification: IL_DEM_30M_RAS
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Champaign, IL
Publisher: Illinois State Geological Survey
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Title: ISGS Terms of Use
Online_Linkage: <http://www.isgs.illinois.edu>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Title: University of Illinois Web Privacy Notice
Online_Linkage: <http://www.vpaa.uillinois.edu/policies/web_privacy.cfm>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Title:
University Copyright Policy (stated in the General Rules Concerning University Organization and Procedure, Article III, Section 4)
Online_Linkage: <http://www.uillinois.edu/trustees/rules.cfm#sec34>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Title:
Policy on Appropriate Use of Computers and Network Systems at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Online_Linkage: <http://www.fs.uiuc.edu/cam/CAM/viii/viii-1.1.html>

Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report: No report.
Completeness_Report:
Includes full coverage of Clinton, Cook, DuPage, Kane, Kendall, Lake, McHenry, Washington, and Will counties. Includes partial coverage of Madison and St. Clair counties.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
DOQs (1998/99) used for orthorectification met USGS locational accuracy standards. Additional information on this testing procedure can be found in U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, 1993, Technical Instructions, ORACC Users Manual (draft): Reston, VA. Field investigations to validate DOQ positional accuracy reliability are periodically conducted by the USGS, National Mapping Division, Geometronics Standards Section. DOQ's produced by cooperators and contractors use similarly approved RMSE test procedures.

The orthorectification process for the historical photos had RMSEs less than 7 meters.

Vertical_Positional_Accuracy:
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
These historical aerial photographs were orthorectified using the Illinois DEM for vertical reference and should reflect the vertical positional accuracy of said DEM (stated as half the contour interval of the original USGS topogrphic survey. A typical interval for Illinois is ten feet although other ranges may exist.)
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Illinois State Geological Survey
Publication_Date: Unpublished Material
Title: Illinois Historical Aerial Photographs: 1936-1941
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Champaign, Illinois
Publisher: Illinois State Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: <http://www.isgs.uiuc.edu/nsdihome/webdocs/ilhap/>
Source_Scale_Denominator: 20000
Type_of_Source_Media: paper
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1936
Ending_Date: 1941
Source_Contribution:
Unregistered, unrectified digital scans of original photography.
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The original paper prints have been scanned at a resolution of 750 DPI on a Crosfield 646 IE drum scanner and stored as TIFF format images. The data are stored in the "orthorectified" spatial reference of UTM Zone 16, NAD83 with a 1-meter ground resolution. The original photographic paper prints are at a scale 1:20,000. The images were then orthorectified and cropped using Leica Photogametry Suite Version 8.7. Settings used include; frame camera with fiducials, 4191 meter flight height, 209.55 focal length, Horizontal reference (UTM zone 16 NAD 1983) in meters, and vertical reference in feet. The 1998/99 Illinois DOQs and the Illinois DEM (UTM zone 16 NAD 198) were used for the horizontal and vertical references for the orthorectification process. For more detailed information concerning the orthorectification process, see contact.
Process_Date: November 2005 - March 2006
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Raster
Raster_Object_Information:
Raster_Object_Type: Pixel
Row_Count: 683175
Column_Count: 317293
Vertical_Count: 1

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Grid_Coordinate_System:
Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
UTM_Zone_Number: 16
Transverse_Mercator:
Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.999600
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -87.000000
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0.000000
False_Easting: 500000.000000
False_Northing: 0.000000
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: coordinate pair
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 0.703546
Ordinate_Resolution: 0.703523
Planar_Distance_Units: meters
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983
Ellipsoid_Name: Geodetic Reference System 80
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257222
Vertical_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Altitude_System_Definition:

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
Information Office, Illinois State Geological Survey (ISGS), a division of the Institute of Natural Resource Sustainability (INRS) of the University of Illinois
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 615 East Peabody Drive
City: Champaign
State_or_Province: Illinois
Postal_Code: 61820
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 217-333-4747
Contact_TDD/TTY_Telephone: 217-785-0211
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: isgs@isgs.illinois.edu
Hours_of_Service: 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m., Monday-Friday, U.S. Central Time
Distribution_Liability:
Refer to the Legal Notices of Terms and Conditions of the University of Illinois Web Privacy Policy (there is a link in the Cross References section) for policy statements regarding the following:

Disclaimer of Liability Disclaimer of Warranties and Accuracy of Data Disclaimer of Endorsement Disclaimer for External Links Disclaimer of Duty to Continue Provision of Data Security Choice of Law

By obtaining these data you agree to the provisions of the University of Illinois Web Privacy Policy, regardless of the manner in which the information was obtained.

Technical_Prerequisites:
The data are intended for use with GIS software. The ISGS uses ESRI ArcGIS software, however, ESRI formats can be imported into many different GIS software packages. It is expected that customers who obtain these data have the technical expertise to use GIS software. The ISGS does not provide software support of any kind.

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20090224
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Instructions: Please refer to the Distribution Information section.
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
Metadata_Access_Constraints:
The access constraints as stated for the data apply also to the metadata. Refer to the Access Constraints section of the Identification Information section.
Metadata_Use_Constraints:
The use constraints as stated for the data apply also to the metadata. Refer to the Use Constraints section of the Identification Information section.
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: <http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html>
Profile_Name: ESRI Metadata Profile

Illinois Natural Resources Geospatial Data Clearinghouse

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